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Strategic Commodities 2.0: Global Lithium Supply

lithium supply - Salt-encrusted lake beds, called salars, are scattered across the high, dry, and windy Puna de Atacama. Formed from the concentrated remnants of vast ancient lakes, the salars hold many soluble minerals, like potassium salts, lithium salts, and table salt. The Salar de Olaroz lithium mine is a new facility that will be capable of producing 17,500 metric tonnes of lithium carbonate per year by the end of 2015., cc Planet Labs, modified, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Salar_de_Olaroz_Lithium_Mine,_Argentina_by_Planet_Labs.jpg

New energy paradigms demand new strategic commodities. This article examines factors impacting lithium supply over the next decade.

Brazil Charts an Economic Course out of the COVID-19 Pandemic

cc Rawlan1998, wikicommons, modified, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:100_Brazil_real_Second_Obverse.jpg

Assessing the strength of Brazil’s economy as it attempts to recover from COVID-19.

Strategic Commodities 2.0: Global Lithium Demand

A lithium mine in Chile as seen from space, modified, cc NASA, public domain, https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/images/largesize/PIA23420_hires.jpg

New energy paradigms demand new strategic commodities. First in a new series, this article examines factors impacting lithium demand over the next decade.

Russia and the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War

cc Kremlin.ru, modified, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Vladimir_Putin_and_Nikol_Pashinyan_(2018-05-14)_03.jpg,

Untangling the web of geopolitical interests behind Moscow’s approach to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

Warfare Evolved: Quantum Encryption

cc Nasa, modified, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:GPS_Satellite_NASA_art-iif.jpg

Advances in quantum encryption could change the way that modern states conduct their intelligence-gathering.

Backgrounder: Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW)

Castle_Bravo_nuclear_test

Laudable goals aside, we’re still a long way from a nuclear weapon-free planet.

Warfare Evolved: Drone Swarms

cc Flickr, modified, Greg Goebel, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/

The advent of drones may have revolutionized modern warfare, but the disruptions are only getting started.

Backgrounder: Joe Biden on China

NAVAL AIR STATION, North Island (May 14, 2009) Vice President Joe Biden addresses the crew of the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76). The Vice President and his wife, Dr. Jill Biden, visited Ronald Reagan during a familiarization tour of naval facilities in the San Diego area. Ronald Reagan is preparing for its upcoming deployment to the Western Pacific and Indian Ocean later this spring. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Briana C. Brotzman/Released), modified, US Navy, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:US_Navy_090514-N-2344B-204_Vice_President_Joe_Biden_addresses_the_crew_of_the_Nimitz-class_aircraft_carrier_USS_Ronald_Reagan_(CVN_76).jpg

Examining the presidential candidate’s record on China for clues on the possible future of US-China relations.

Backgrounder: Evolution of Organized Crime in Mexico

Ceremonia de presentación y abanderamiento de la Nueva División de Gendarmería de la Policía Federal. Ciudad de México. 22 de agosto de 2014., Presidencia de la República Mexicana, modified, https://www.flickr.com/photos/presidenciamx/14817406378/in/photolist-ozn5FL-ozn5q5-oPPEB3-oRPywS-oRPDQN-ozmDBP-ozn9eN-oPPKcW-JvZhiW-JvZhsU-JvZhAQ-JvZhoL-oPPJLf-oRPACA-oznwTK-oRzEnr-oRzEzR-oznAex-oPPJ81-oPPGLU-oznxJc-oznz4X-ozmDwZ-ozmTry-oRzEqT-oRPyS1-ozn93q-ozn7pA-oPPJ9d-oPPEys-oPPFtU-ozmSym-oPPJpo-oRPAxW-oznwXT-oRPz5W-oRPAyC-ozn9bS-oPPDWW-oRzChe-ozn8VG-oRzDeV-oRPBt3-oRzDAM-oRPBL7-oRPyBG-oPPFTb-oznw4D-ozn9CJ-oRzDTv

Ad hoc policy responses on either side of the US border are frequently powerless in the face of the geopolitical, economic, and political forces fueling the rise of organized crime in Mexico.

Flashpoint: Chad

A Chadian Special Forces soldier receives basic rifle marksmanship training at a live fire range Mar. 6, 2017 in Massaguet, Chad as part of Flintlock 17. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multilateral sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nations in North and West Africa. (Army photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton) Unit: U.S. Africa Command DVIDS Tags: marksmanship; Flintlock; Chad; Flintlock17, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Marksmanship_training_in_Chad_during_Flintlock_2017_170306-A-KH850-007.jpg

Today’s vulnerable states give way to tomorrow’s regional crises. First in a new series, we examine the challenges faced by Chad in the COVID-19 era.

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