Environment

China’s Foreign Policy Adrift upon Rivers of Sand

China's Three Gorges Dam, cc Dan Kamminga from Haarlem, Netherlands, modified, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Three_Gorges_Dam.jpg

To understand China’s foreign policy toward India and bordering ASEAN countries, one must understand its national water crisis.

Ethiopia: A Geopolitical Time Bomb in the Making

EthiopiaFlag, cc Flickr John Iglar, modified, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/

Ethiopia’s climate-sensitive economy, growing population, and inter-ethnic conflict make it a geopolitical time bomb primed to explode.

Water Scarcity Monitor: Saudi Arabia, Spain, and Chile

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Examining three of the most water-stressed countries in the world according to the World Resources Institute (WRI)

Flashpoint: Chad

A Chadian Special Forces soldier receives basic rifle marksmanship training at a live fire range Mar. 6, 2017 in Massaguet, Chad as part of Flintlock 17. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multilateral sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nations in North and West Africa. (Army photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton) Unit: U.S. Africa Command DVIDS Tags: marksmanship; Flintlock; Chad; Flintlock17, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Marksmanship_training_in_Chad_during_Flintlock_2017_170306-A-KH850-007.jpg

Today’s vulnerable states give way to tomorrow’s regional crises. First in a new series, we examine the challenges faced by Chad in the COVID-19 era.

While Washington Sleeps, China Continues to Make Inroads in Africa

cc Flickr US Army Africa, modified, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/, .S. Army photo by Sgt. 1st Class Brock Jones, 128th Mobile Public Affairs Detachment, Utah Army National Guard Atlas Drop 2011 officially began with a morning ceremony at the Soroti Airfield in Eastern Uganda, April 13. Atlas Drop 11, an annual joint aerial-delivery exercise sponsored by U.S. Army Africa (USARAF), brings together U.S. service members with counterparts from the Ugandan People’s Defense Forces (UPDF), and is designed to enhance the readiness of both countries’ resupply and logistical capabilities. The two-week training will consist of classroom instruction and a field training exercise. Atlas Drop 11 will increase the capability of both UPDF and U.S. forces to resupply Soldiers operating in remote areas. Local civic leaders and dignitaries, UPDF leadership, and the Ugandan and U.S. forces involved in the exercise gathered on the airfield tarmac to commemorate the exercise's official start. Maj. Gen. Andrew Gutti, commandant of the UPDF’s Senior Command and Staff College, was the ceremony’s guest of honor. UPDF Brig. Gen. Silver Kayemba, exercise director and chief of training and operations, and Lt. Col. Jeffrey Dickerson, exercise deputy director and commander of Task Force Atlas, both expressed gratitude for the opportunity for Ugandan and U.S. forces to work together. “I welcome you all to exercise Atlas Drop 11,” said Kayemba. “This is one of a series of exercises in which we jointly train together. Atlas Drop 11 is going to be an aerial resupply exercise that is directed to giving services to isolated platoons that are working in unfriendly environments.” “Training is a continuous operation. If you fail to prepare, you have prepared to fail,” he said. Kayemba then invited Dickerson to speak. “I first would like to say to you all, eyalama noi noi (thank you very much) for inviting all of us to come to Uganda — to come to the Teso area — to partner with the UPDF,” said Dickerson. “It’s and honor, and it’s a privilege. “Our coming together here represents not just the partnership between our militaries but the partnership and the bonds between our nations, our governments, and most importantly, our people,” he said. “We are so fortunate and very excited to be partnered with our UPDF brothers here in the Teso area.” Gutti then spoke and declared the exercise officially open. “I would like, on behalf of the UPDF, to sincerely thank the U.S. government and her Army in particular for availing us the opportunity to train and practice together these very important operations,” he said. “With these remarks I would like, on behalf of the Chief of Defense Forces, to flag off this exercise and wish you all a very successful exercise.” Following the ceremony, Ugandan and U.S. Soldiers began training together on rigging aerial-delivery resupply systems, establishing drop zones in remote locations, and various military staff leadership skills such as decision-making processes. Atlas Drop 11 will end April 20 following three days of live, aerial resupply practice missions to various drop zones established north of Soroti. Distinguished Ugandan and U.S. visitors will attend the final air drops and the closing ceremony at one of the drop zones to marking the exercise's official end.

And the real winner is ultimately the Chinese economy.

An African Powder Keg: Terrorism in the Sahel

cc Flickr U.S. Embassy Ouagadougou, modified, https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/, Minister of Defense and Veteran affairs, Chèrif Sy, U.S. Ambassador to Burkina Faso, Andrew Young, render honors during a pass and review portion of the closing ceremony to Flintlock 2019. This year’s exercise is being hosted by U.S. African partner nation Burkina Faso. By bringing members of the G5 Sahel, Multinational Joint Task Force, and various troop contributing nations together to develop and implement complimentary tactical operations, Flintlock 2019 better enables African partners to conduct real world missions structured around a coherent campaign plan. (U.S. Navy photo by MC2 (SW/AW) Evan Parker / released)

Unless deep-rooted socioeconomic and security issues are addressed, Africa’s development miracle risks being derailed. Nowhere is this truer than with the G5 countries in the Sahel.

Brazil’s Tale of Two Epidemics: Zika & COVID-19

cc Flickr Palácio do Planalto, modified, 20/03/2020 Coletiva de Imprensa do Presidente da República, Jai, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

One brought an exemplary response, the other an unmitigated disaster.

Nigeria’s Gas: Relief or Redux for the Resource Sector?

cc Flickr U.S. Institute of Peace, modified, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

A global crisis – this time the COVID-19 pandemic – has once again underscored the dangers of Nigeria’s economic overreliance on oil.

Backgrounder: Agriculture 4.0 in Vietnam

cc Vietnam News Agency (VNA), modified, Vụ mùa năm 2018, toàn huyện Ðiện Biên (Điện Biên) gieo cấy gần 6.400ha lúa nước và hơn 2.200ha lúa nương chủ yếu là các giống lúa: Bắc thơm số 7, IR64, Nếp 97, 98... Năng suất lúa trung bình toàn huyện ước đạt gần 60 tạ/ha, sản lượng ước đạt trên 37.800 tấn. Ảnh: Phan Tuấn Anh - TTXVN

In Vietnam we can see many of the challenges, and solutions, to farming in the era of climate change.

Ecuagoldmining v Ecuador: Mining, the Environment, and International Arbitration

cc Pedro Szekely, modified, Flickr, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/

Examining two prominent cases that provide a window into the world of international arbitration: Equagodmining v Ecuador, and P&ID v Nigeria.

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